Types of Malaria in India

Types of Malaria Parasite in India

Malaria is one of the major health problem of the masses in India. It is a potentially life-threatening disease and is transmitted through an infected Anopheles mosquito. These infected mosquitoes come with a Plasmodium parasite and when they bite you, the parasite releases into your bloodstream.

Four major types of malaria that are prevalent in India are:

  • Plasmodium Vivax (P.v.)

This form of malaria is widely spread across the world. Plasmodium Vivax is responsible for more than 60% infections in India. It is accountable for several cases of death and other serious illnesses. Some of the most common symptoms of P.V include diarrhoea, fatigue, body weakness, fever and shivering. Symptoms similar to Flu are also observed in the person infected by Plasmodium Vivax.

  • Plasmodium falciparum (P.f)

Plasmodium Falciparum is considered to be the most lethal parasite causing maximum infections and malaria related deaths. This form is predominant in Africa, South America and South East Asia. Individuals infected by this parasite experience abdominal pain, fatigue, aching muscles, dizziness, joint pain, back pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, headache, anaemia and some sort of neurological symptoms. Plasmodium falciparum being the severest type of malaria, it is crucial to get it checked, diagnosed and treated on time because this infection can also have an adverse effect on the sufferer’s brain and the central nervous system.

  • Plasmodium malariae (P.m)

Plasmodium malariae is not known to be very widespread as compared to the other types. There are less than 1 percent infections recorded in the Indian subcontinent. Plasmodium malaria might not be considerably lethal but it still observed as one of the prominent infections spread by mosquitoes. The symptoms of this malaria includes high fever and chills.

  • Plasmodium ovale (P.o)

Plasmodium ovale is the rarest form of all malaria types. One surprising thing about this malaria form is that it reoccurs sometimes because the parasite has a potential of resting in the patient’s liver of a patient for as long as 4 years after getting infected by the malaria carrying mosquito. These parasites can relapse and invade the patient’s RBCs to make him or her sick again.

It is known that Malaria is a life-threatening disease and it does not have any sure shot remedy. However, it can be prevented with the use of efficient and standard mosquito repellents such as the Mortein Insta Vaporiser and Mortein All Insect Killer System for continuous and instant protection respectively.