This article contains general advice only and is not a substitute for medical advice. Always seek a professional health care opinion.
The consistent buzzing of mosquitoes in your house can get you really worked up. Even more annoying is the itchy feeling that it leaves you with every time it manages to escape your clutches. In certain parts of the world, mosquito bites can be more harmful than just an annoyance. Some mosquitoes are carriers of devastating diseases and mosquito bites can be fatal. Malaria is one such disease.
What is malaria?
Malaria is a grave disease spread by mosquitoes. It is not contagious. It takes just one bite for you to get infected, and if untreated, it can be fatal.
Where does malaria occur?
With over 1 million deaths witnessed every year, malaria is a global nuisance. Malaria is present in more than 100 countries, it is more dominant in tropical regions of Africa, South America, Asia and the Pacific Islands.
What are the symptoms of malaria?
Generally, malaria symptoms start developing fast, beginning to show within 10 to 15 days after a mosquito bite. In rare cases, symptoms can take up to a year to show.
- Elevated body temperature (at least 38°C)
- Vomiting and nausea
- Chills, sweats and fever
- Muscle aches and pains
If not treated on time, more serious complication ends up developing, including kidney failure, jaundice, coma, and in extreme cases, death.
What causes malaria?
The main culprit behind Malaria is a parasite called Plasmodium that infects female anopheles mosquitos. They shelter the parasite before biting and injecting the parasite into humans. Once the parasite has entered your body, it flows through your blood stream before entering the liver and multiplying.
Tip: You can figure out a female anopheles mosquito if its thorax is elevated from its resting surface!
How do you prevent malaria?
Mosquito bites are hard to avoid in infested areas, but not impossible if you follow these simple tips.
- Prepare your environment
Malaria-carrying mosquitoes are extremely active during twilight periods. So, make sure that you use an effective insect repellent to keep them in check when dusk or dawn breaks
- Dress to prevent
Sport loose, light-colored clothing that covers your entire arms and legs. Refrain from wearing perfumes or aftershaves that could gather unwanted attention. Shield any exposed skin with the help of body insect repellent.
- Anti-malaria medication
No malaria vaccines are available that can prevent infection. However, ask your doctor to give anti-malarial medication a couple of months before you travel to malaria-infected areas. If prescribed, you must finish the whole course for the medication to be completely effective.
How do you treat malaria?
Even in the most serious of cases, almost all malaria patients make full recovery provided that the infection is treated properly. If you develop malaria symptoms, fix an appointment with your doctor or visit your nearest healthcare facility immediately.
Disclaimer: Mortein does not make any warranty that by using these products you will not contract the diseases referred to in this site. Use Mortein as part of a complete preventative plan and please still take caution. Seek a medical professional for further advice in regards to the above, especially if visiting prone areas.