This article only offers general advice and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Always consider a professional health care opinion.
ABOUT WEST NILE FEVER
West Nile fever is a viral disease spread by the West Nile virus. It is spread by mosquitoes between humans and animals and tend to be fatal among horses and birds.
WHERE DOES IT OCCUR?
Until recently, West Nile outbreaks were restricted to Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa and West Asia. But, latest reports in the western world are increasing and a rare subtype of the mosquito virus (kunjin) has been witnessed in Northern and Western Australia.
Countries where West Nile fever have been reported
What are the symptoms of West Nile fever?
The symptoms of West Nile virus are difficult to diagnose and in 80% of cases, it doesn’t show any symptoms. If symptoms end up appearing, they display as mild flu. 20% of West Nile virus victims will display symptoms which include:
- Body aches
- Skin rash
- Swollen lymph glands
WHAT CAUSES WEST NILE FEVER?
West Nile virus is carried by 14 types of mosquitoes,li but birds are the natural hosts. A mosquito gets infected when it bites the infected bird. The virus moves to its salivary glands and is injected into a new host-human or animal- with the next bite of the mosquito.
HOW DO YOU PREVENT WEST NILE FEVER?
With no vaccine to protect you, the best way to prevent it is by avoiding a bite. Using an effective insect repellent can help prevent bites.
- Banish breeding grounds
Mosquitoes multiply in stagnant water. Get rid of or clean water containers and keep your swimming pool clean. If you own a pond, bring in fish – they survive on larvae.
- Mosquito-proof your property
Mortein mosquito killer products will help in safeguarding you from the vectors. In addition to mosquito killer products, keep fly screens on windows and doors for added protection.
- Don’t dress to attract arthropods
Ensure that mosquitoes can’t reach your skin by covering your skin with loose and long fitted clothing. Apply insect repellent frequently and refrain from sporting perfume or aftershave.
HOW DO YOU TREAT WEST NILE FEVER?
With no cure available, cure for West Nile fever is formulated to alleviate any uneasiness caused by more severe symptoms.