Common Monsoon Maladies

Taking necessary precautions is one of the most effective methods through which you can keep monsoon related ailments at bay.

The rains would have been successful in giving you much needed relief from the heat but they also bring along a plethora of diseases. Some of the regular ones include viral fever, malaria, common cold, hepatitis, typhoid, leptospirosis, chikungunya and diarrhea

Let us understand these illness in detail and how to protect yourself from the same

Common cold, viral fever and cough

“One of the prime suspect behind absenteeism during monsoon season – the common cold – is very active due to viruses that thrive in humid conditions. Wearing wet clothes for an extended period of time and extended exposure to humid air from air-conditioners gives birth to your chances of catching a cold.

Things to keep in mind:

  • Keep extra clothes in your office drawer
  • If possible switch off the AC and open the windows
  • The common cold is extremely contagious. So ensure that you wash your hands often and stay away from people who have cold as much as you can
  • Improve your immunity by eating fruits and veggies


One of the most deadly and common monsoon-related disease, malaria, is spread by a certain species of mosquito breeding in dirty water. The symptoms of malaria are body ache, fever, sweating and chills. If not treated, it can cause jaundice, severe anemia, or even liver and kidney failure.

Things to keep in mind:

  • Accumulated water acts as a breeding ground for mosquitoes – make sure that your neighborhood is neat and clean
  • If you need to store water in buckets, make sure that you cover the bucket with a lid. Ensure that you use mosquito screens, nets, fibre glass meshes or magnetic insect repellent screens for your house windows and make use of a mosquito repellent. Check out a wide variety of mosquito repelling products offered by Mortein.


Fever that lasts for more than 5 days, headache, diarrhea and abdominal pain assisted by a rash in the second week can be the symptoms of typhoid, which is spread because of contaminated food and water. To keep typhoid at bay, avoid eating street food as much as possible. Also, vaccines are available that can combat typhoid.

Hepatitis A

This certain viral disease spreads via contaminated food and water. The symptoms include an elevated body temperature, joint pains, body ache, nausea, loss of appetite and vomiting. You can also see a yellowish tinge in the eyes, skin and nails. One of the most foolproof ways to avoid hepatitis A is by sticking to homemade food and water.


Another one of those usual suspects that presents itself during monsoon season. Leptospirosis is a result of walking in dirty water with increased chances of infection if you have skin injuries. This bacterial disease is spread by rats and its symptoms are high fever, chills, splitting headache, body ache, accompanied with vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Try and not step into dirty water as much as you can. And if possible, take bath as soon as you reach home in case you happen to step into dirty water. If you have external injuries, cover them entirely.


When diarrhea is a result of food contaminated by bacteria and parasites, it is called as food poisoning. If symptoms start to show, try and rest as much as you can and switch to a diet of clear liquids. If you have nausea along with diarrhea, administer small sips of fluid frequently and keep sucking on ice chips. As soon as you start feeling better, start eating solid foods regularly to keep stomach cramps at bay. To get relief from stomach cramps, use a hot water bottle or electric heating pad and keep it on your abdomen.

Chikungunya fever

Caused by a virus, it is spread by the bite of Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is active during daytime and can leave you with severe, occasionally persistent, joint pain along with fever and rash. There are no antiviral drugs or vaccines available for the treatment of the fever. Hence, early diagnosis and correct treatment is necessary to control the infection. People suffering from chikungunya fever are treated symptomatically.