This article contains general advice only and is not a substitute for medical advice. Always seek a professional health care opinion.
The consistent buzzing of mosquitoes in your house can get you really worked up. Even more annoying is the itchy feeling that it leaves you with every time it manages to escape your clutches. In certain parts of the world, mosquito bites can be more harmful than just an annoyance. Some mosquitoes are carriers of devastating diseases and mosquito bites can be fatal. Malaria is one such disease.
Malaria is a grave disease spread by mosquitoes. It is not contagious. It takes just one bite for you to get infected, and if untreated, it can be fatal.
With over 1 million deaths witnessed every year, malaria is a global nuisance. Malaria is present in more than 100 countries, it is more dominant in tropical regions of Africa, South America, Asia and the Pacific Islands.
Generally, malaria symptoms start developing fast, beginning to show within 10 to 15 days after a mosquito bite. In rare cases, symptoms can take up to a year to show.
If not treated on time, more serious complication ends up developing, including kidney failure, jaundice, coma, and in extreme cases, death.
The main culprit behind Malaria is a parasite called Plasmodium that infects female anopheles mosquitos. They shelter the parasite before biting and injecting the parasite into humans. Once the parasite has entered your body, it flows through your blood stream before entering the liver and multiplying.
Tip: You can figure out a female anopheles mosquito if its thorax is elevated from its resting surface!
Mosquito bites are hard to avoid in infested areas, but not impossible if you follow these simple tips.
No malaria vaccines are available that can prevent infection. However, ask your doctor to give anti-malarial medication a couple of months before you travel to malaria-infected areas. If prescribed, you must finish the whole course for the medication to be completely effective.
Even in the most serious of cases, almost all malaria patients make full recovery provided that the infection is treated properly. If you develop malaria symptoms, fix an appointment with your doctor or visit your nearest healthcare facility immediately.
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